Compendium record. November 2006. basiscissus Thell. It should also be noted that repeated herbicide use has resulted in the development of resistant strains in some species of Amaranthus (Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987), and the same could occur in A. spinosus. Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie. Orchard AE, 1993. Amaranthus spinosus / Synonyms / The Plant List New York, USA: John Wiley and Sons, 391 pp. Antitumor activity of the ethanol extract of Amaranthus spinosus leaves against EAC bearing swiss albino mice / L. Samuel Joshua*, Vipin Chandra Pal, K. L. Senthil Kumar, Ram Kumar Sahu, Amit Roy / Der Pharmacia Lettre, 2010, 2(2): 10-15 Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); habit, in residential backyard. Holm L G, Pancho J V, Herberger J P, Plucknett D L, 1991. Delivering Alien Invasive Species Inventories for Europe. EVALUATION OF ANTHELMINTIC AND ANTI­INFLAMMATORY ACTIVITY OF AMARANTHUS SPINOSUS LINN / MANIK BARAL, SUBRATA CHAKRABORTY, PRANABESH CHAKRABORTY / International Journal of CURRENT PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH, Vol 2, Issue 4, 2010 Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Cassia tora, Eleusine indica, Portulaca oleracea, Anagallis arvensis, Amaranthus spinosus, Chenopodium album, Cyperus rotundus, Eleocharis palustris, Eichhornia crassipes and Spirodela polyrhiza. activity in experimental hepatic damage in animals. A. spinosus is a host plant for tobacco mosaic virus, groundnut rosette virus, cucumber mosaic virus and root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne spp. Parker C, 1992. (45) 122, no3, pp. Varanasi, India: Banaras Hindu University. models. Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); habit, showing leaves, spines and seeds. Amaranthus spinosus leaf extracts and its anti-inflamatory effects on cancer / S. Rajasekaran, M. G. Dinesh, Chandarasekharam Kansrajh, Fida Hussain Ahmed Baig / IJRPB 2(1); Jan-Feb 2014 Boerhaavia erecta L. in mice / A Hilou et al / Journal of Ethnopharmacology (13) The fungal pathogens Phomopsis amaranthicola and Microsphaeropsis amaranthi have been investigated as potential bioherbicides for weedy amaranths including A. spinosus (Rosskopf et al., 2000; Ortiz-Ribbing and Williams, 2006). Betacyanins and Phenolic Compounds from Amaranthus spinosus L. and Boerhavia erecta L. / Florian C Stintzing et al / Z. Naturforsch. natureconservation.in/medicinal-uses-of-spiny-amaranth-amaranthus-spinosus Wagner WI; Herbst DR; Sohmer SH, 1999. Peradeniya, Sri Lanka: Asian Pacific Weed Science Society, 595-596. (26) Notes on Natural Enemies Top of page. • Antioxidant: Study showed the antioxidant activity of the extracts to be concentration dependent. The collected sample was identified (Ref. Weeds of Bhutan. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. • Anti-Inflammatory / Leaves: spinosus L. Inhibits Spontaneous and Dexamethasone-Induced Apoptosis in spinosus is a monoecious herb and produces male and female flowers on the same plant. STUDIES ON THE EFFECTS OF Amaranthus spinosus LEAF EXTRACT ON THE HAEMATOLOGY OF GROWING PIGS / Olufemi B E et al / African Journal of Biomedical Research 2003 (Vol. A native of tropical America and is found mainly in warm areas. Amaranthus spinosus f. inermis Lauterb. Extract showed statistically significant (p<0.05) reduction in castor oil-induced diarrhea in rats. European Invasive Alien Species Gateway. biosynthesis. ©John D. Byrd/Mississippi State University/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US. 2012 Oct 1;12:166. doi: 10.1186/1472-6882-12-166 Inflorescences simple or compound terminal staminate spikes and axillary subglobose mostly pistillate clusters, erect or with reflexed or nodding tips, usually green to silvery green. Amaranthus in Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil (Amaranthus in the list of species of the flora of Brazil). Tropicos website. Flora of North America North of Mexico. Manila, Philippines: International Rice Research Institute. Amaranthus spinosus. Evaluation of gut modulatory and bronchodilator activities of Amaranthus spinosus Linn. For instance, it is a troublesome weed in agricultural areas, pastures, and orchards in Africa, Asia, Europe, Australia, and the Pacific region. (30) A. spinosus is attacked by a number of natural enemies. Chung Hsing University, Taichung , Taiwan http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/jabot/floradobrasil/FB15408. (25) Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden, 127:1-1744. basiscissus Thell. Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015. by Grubben GJH, Denton OA]. Argentina: ataco espinudo; Bahamas: calalue; spiny amaranth; Bangladesh: katanata; Brazil: bredo de espino; caruru de espino; caruru-bravo; caruru-de-espinho; Cambodia: phti banla; Cuba: bledo espinoso; El Salvador: bledo; blero; huisquilite Information from Dichotomous Key of Flora Novae Angliae. In: Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden, 85 1-246. Anti Gastric Ulcer Activity of Amaranthus spinosus Linn. (33) (44) (21) (21) More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. Volume 2. Washington DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. 35-42 El-Aydam M; Bnrki HM, 1997. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. • Anti-Inflammatory / Analgesic / Anti-Diarrheal / Leaves: Study of methanol extract of leaves showed anti-inflammatory activity as evidenced by inhibition of carrageenan-induced rat paw edema, significant (p<0.05) inhibition of acetic acid-induced increased vascular permeability, and inhibition of cotton pellet granuloma. 4, 2008, Pages 52-61 16, No. 3348 pp. 4 (3), 643-653. http://ijrpc.com/files/20-4130.pdf. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: University Press of Hawaii. Allelopathic potential of orange jessamine (, Rosskopf EN; Charudattan R; DeValerio JT; Stall WM, 2000. 75:1-1182. / Chaudhary MA, Imran I, Bashir S, Mehmood MH, Rehman NU, Gilani AH. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany, 98:1192 pp. by Padua, L. S. de \Bunyapraphatsara, N. \Lemmens, R. H. M. • Anti-Diabetic / In Vitro Alpha-Amylase Inhibition / In Vivo Antioxidant: Study investigated a methanolic extract of A. spinosus for in vitro alpha-amylase enzyme inhibition by CNPG3 (2-chloro-4-nitrophenol α-d-maltotrioside) and in vivo antioxidant potential of malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione (GSH), catalase (CAT) and total thiols (TT) in alloxan-induced diabetic rats. Poison Plants Committee of New South Wales. Lazarides M; Cowley K; Hohnen P, 1997. Study of diuretic activity of aqueous extract of amaranthus spinosus linn on rats / Shravani Potllapalli, Jagannath Narumalla, Naga Teja Pavani A., Damodaram Govindadas, Somashekar S. Chikkannasetty / International Journal of Basic & Clinical Pharmacology, Vol 6, No 1 (2017). / Bavarva JH, Narasimhacharya AV. Utricles ovoid to subglobose, 1.5-2.5 mm, membranaceous proximally, wrinkled and spongy or inflated distally, irregularly dehiscent or indehiscent. Properties of Amaranthus spinosus Leaf Extract / Archives The risk of introduction of A. spinosus is potentially high. & K.Schum. Kauai, Hawaii, USA: Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden. A. spinosus is superficially similar to other weedy species of Amaranthus, but is the only species with auxillary spines. (2) Amran, Shams- Ud-Doha K. M., Sarker Apu Apurba*  / International Journal of Drug Development and Research, Oct-Dec 2011, 3(4): 189-193 Extracts of the plant Murraya paniculata inhibit seed germination of A. spinosus, giving potential for weed control. Biological Control of Weeds: a World Catalogue of Agents and their Target Weeds. Weeds of rice in Indonesia [edited by Soerjani, M.; Kostermans, A.J.G.H. on streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. / Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand). • Adverse Hematologic Effects: Study of ethanol extract in pigs showed significant reduction of PCV, RBC and hemoglobin of pigs. Jørgensen P M, León-Yánez S, 1999. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. Amaranthus cruentus; Amaranthus blitum; Amaranthus dubius; Amaranthus tricolor; Amaranthus viridis; How to Plant Amaranth. Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela (New catalogue of the vascular flora of Venezuela). (12) November 2006. • Effect on Kidney and Hematologic Parameters / Leaves: Study of methanol leaf extract suggest Mito T; Uesugi T, 2004. , 2012. Amaranthus viridis is a ANNUAL growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in). protective mechanism to be from the presence of flavonoids and phenolics. Ithaca, New York, USA: Comstock Publisher Assoc., 370 pp. Holm L G, Plucknett D L, Pancho J V, Herberger J P, 1977. (14) Traditional Practices and Medicinal Plants Use during Pregnancy by Anyi-Ndenye Women (Eastern Côte d'Ivoire) / Djah F Malan* and Danho FR Neuba / African Journal of Reproductive Health March 2011; 15(1): 85 10, Pages 932-939 anti-inflammatory activity probably through inhibition of prostaglandin Results suggest caution of in use to avoid probably toxic effects. It is a problem weed principally around the Caribbean Sea, the west and south of Africa, around the Bay of Bengal and in East and South-East Asia from Japan to Indonesia. Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); habit. Results showed significant reduction (p<0.05) in PCV, RBC, and Hb. Stroud A, Parker C, 1989. [English title not available]. Results showed significant increase for both acute as well as chronic studies in protein and glycogen contents at 250 mg/kg dose level. Amaranthus diacanthus Raf. (19) (7) The crude enzyme SOD has been isolated from the seeds of A. spinosus. Barbados: University of the West Indies. Chemical ControlA. Screening of Selected Ethno Medicinal Plants, In A. spinosus spreads by seeds. / B Sangameswaran and B Jayakar / The Japanese Society of Volume 2. In: Database inventory of introduced plant species in the rural and urban zones of Galapagos, Galapagos, Ecuador: Charles Darwin Foundation. Balick MJ, Nee M, Atha DE, 2000. (Plantas daninhas de Brasil, terrestres, aquaticas, parasitas, toxicas e medicinais.) Kumar R P, Jindal Shammy, Gupta Nitin, Rana Rinu, 2014. A Weed Identification Guide for Ethiopia. (35) London, UK: Crown Agents. Magazine / ISSN: 0973-1296 LongevityA. National list of invasive and potentially invasive plants in the Republic of Cuba - 2011. In groundnuts, it is a principal weed in Ghana, Hawaii, the Philippines and the USA. (Lista nacional de especies de plantas invasoras y potencialmente invasoras en la República de Cuba - 2011). New York, Chichester (), Brisbane, Toronto, UK: John Wiley and Sons. Crop Protection, 25(1):39-46. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/02612194. Funk V; Hollowell T; Berry P; Kelloff C; Alexander SN, 2007. Genetics Seeds are dispersed by wind, water and as a contaminant in crop and pasture seeds, farm machinery and farm products. https://plants.sc.egov.usda.gov. 991. Conclusive evidence is lacking, but there are indications that several different ecological populations exist in some regions of the world (Misra, 1969). Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); habit, showing white-flushed leaves Kahului Airport, Maui, Hawaii, USA. Pistillate flowers: tepals 5, obovate-lanceolate or spatulate-lanceolate, equal or subequal, 1.2-2 mm, apex mucronate; styles erect or spreading; stigmas 3. J. of Life Sciences, 2017, Vol 5(4): 742-745 Global Environmental Research, 8(2):171-191. The results showed alcoholic ANTI PEPTIC ULCER ACTIVITY OF THE LEAVES OF Amaranthus spinosus L. IN RATS / DEBIPRASAD GHOSH, PRASENJIT MITRA, TANAYA GHOSH AND PRASANTA KUMAR MITRA* / Mintage journal of Pharmaceutical & Medical Sciencesǀ52-53 Balick MJ; Nee M; Atha DE, 2000. Impact of different herbicides on Amaranthus spinosus in Korea. / doi:10.4172/2329-6836.1000199 Biocontrol News and Information, 18(1):11N-20N; 2 pp. A total of 14 species under 8 genera belonging to the family Amaranthaceae were collected and identified. (13) • Anti-Peptic Ulcer / Leaves: Study evaluated by Marambe, B\Sangakkara, U. R.\Costa, W. A. J. M. de\Abeysekara, A. S. K.]. Results showed a significant decrease of in the level of tumor development and viable cell count Percentage of leaf methanol extracts HEP G2, MCF-7, and HT-29 cells show IC50 values less than 30 mg/ml. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. • Dye: Plant yields yellow and green dyes. Stock graze it (1, 5, 12), and in Ghana the Twi name nantwi bin (7) and in Sierra Leone the Temne name ka-ninkuna (5) both mean ‘cow dung’ and suggest a … Antidiarrheal and antiulcer activity of Amaranthus spinosus in experimental animals / Zeashan Hussain et al / Summary Pharmaceutical Biology • October 2009, Vol. (8) Ecological studies of noxious weeds common to India and America, which are becoming an increasing problem in the upper Gangetic plains. It can be a serious weed of rice cultivation in Asia. An inside review of Amaranthus spinosus Linn: a potential medicinal plant of India. (6) 1753.. Anuales, 0.3 1 m de alto, tallos erectos, glabros; monoicas. The PLANTS Database. Mito T, Uesugi T, 2004. Flora of Australia. Lorenzi H, 1982. Lee IY; Oh SM; Moon BC; Kim CS; Park JE; Choi CD, 2007. These are Amaranthus blitum, A. dubius, A. caudatus, A. cruentus, A. deflexus, A. graecizans, A. hybridus, A. hypochondriacus, A. retroflexus, A. spinosus, A. thunbergii, A. tricolor and A. viridis. A geographic atlas of world weeds. 818 pp. (34) spiny amaranth. Baton Rouge, USA: National Plant Data Center. Daniel K. Abbiw Department of Botany, University of Ghana, Lebon, Ghana. Preliminary phytochemical analysis of Amaranthus spinosus leaves / Sable KV * and Saswade RR / Int. Some tribes in India used A. spinosus to induce abortion (Lemmens and Bunyapraphatsara, 1999; PROTA, 2015). 6 (Special Issue No. CSIRO handbook of Australian weeds. (18) Arun Kumard, B. Manoje, Vinod Kumard, D. Sheshadri Shekard / Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences, Volume 18, Issue 1, January 2011, Pages 1–5 Amaranthus spinosus originates probably from lowland tropical South and Central America and was introduced into other warmer parts of the world from about 1700 AD onwards. Results were comparable to standard antiulcer drug raniditine. Database inventory of introduced plant species in the rural and urban zones of Galapagos. Nadeaud botanical database of the Herbarium of French Polynesia. (20) Scientific names: Common names: Amaranthus spinosus Linn. Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas. The plant specimen, Amaranthus lividuswas collected from a local market of Dwarka, New Delhi, India. The World's Worst Weeds. Amaranthus spinosus L. Meaning_of_the_name: Amaranthus - derives from the greek word "amarantos" meaning immortal or unfading and "anthos" meaning flower, and refers to long lasting qualities of of the flower; spinosus: spiny. Marchioretto MS, 2014. (Amaranthus in Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil)., Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro. AND *ONIGEMO M.A. Ortiz-Ribbing L; Williams MM II, 2006. May 2008. spinosus L. Inhibits Spontaneous and Dexamethasone-Induced Apoptosis in (27) In: Proceedings of the 21st Asian Pacific Weed Science Society (APWSS) Conference, 2-6 October 2007, Colombo, Sri Lanka [ed. http://ecflora.cavehill.uwi.edu/index.html. The record derives from WCSP (in review) (data supplied on 2012-03-23 ) which reports it as an accepted name with original publication details: Sp. spinosus is susceptible to most of the standard herbicides used on broad-leaved weeds. After 90 days of treatment withdrawal, hematological parameters returned to control levels. Sci., Belgrade, 62 (1), 185-189, 2010 / DOI:10.2298/ABS1001185K (Catalago de Plantas Vasculares de Bolivia.) Paris, France: Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. anti-hyperlipidemic and spermatogenic effects of Amaranthus spinosus Linn. Invasion of exotic weed seeds into Japan, mixed in imported feed grains. (44) of Philippine Medicinal Plants with Chinese Names. Results supports it folkloric A weed identification guide for Ethiopia. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden. 12(1): Medicinal and poisonous plants 1 [ed. anti-hyperlipidemic and spermatogenic effects of Amaranthus spinosus Linn. (11) Local name: Katu thampala (කටු තම්පලා) **. Catalogue of vascular plants of Bolivia. http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan, Florence J; Chevillotte H; Ollier C; Meyer J-Y, 2013. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. Rosskopf EN; Charudattan R; DeValerio JT; Stall WM, 2000. Wageningen, Netherlands: Plant Resources of Tropical Africa. Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. Amaranthus spinosus is much-branched annual plant. Additional It grows up to 100cm tall. Like other amaranths, it produces large numbers of seeds, which can mature after the plant has been cut, and remain viable for long periods. Davidse G, Sousa Sánchez M, Knapp S, Chiang Cabrera F, 2015. http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/jabot/floradobrasil/FB15408. Field evaluation of Phomopsis amaranthicola, a biological control agent of Amaranthus spp. doi:10.1016/j.fct.2008.08.013 / Food and Chemical Toxicology Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); seedling. Higher doses significantly decreased plasma glucose levels (p<0.01 and p<0.001), hepatic glucose-6-phosphatase activity (p<0.01 and p<0.001), and increased hepatic glycogen content (p<0.01) with increases in hexokinase activity in both types 1 and 2 diabetic rats. A geographical atlas of world weeds. China: Agricultural Publishing House. DAISIE, 2015. (Cycadaceae a Connaraceae). (23) • FeO Nanoparticles / Antioxidant / Leaves: Study reports on the synthesis of FeO-NOs using A. spinosus leaf extracts as reducing agents. MacKee H S, 1994. Wild-crafted. It is browsed by sheep and goats and is a highly nutritious feed at any time during the year. Flora of China. / African Journal Of Biomedical Research, Vol. Broome R, Sabir K, Carrington S, 2007. Lactofen applied early post-emergence and 2,4-DB applied late post-emergence controlled more than 90% late in the season. Kurokawa S, 2001. • Anti-Gastric Ulcer / Leaves: Study evaluated the anti ulcer activity of leaves in aspirin induced The chromosome number reported for A. spinosus is 2n = 34, 68 (Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015). CSIRO handbook of Australian weeds., vii + 264 pp. An inside review of Amaranthus spinosus Linn: a potential medicinal plant of India. Plant Disease, 84(11):1225-1230. by Non-Enzymatic Haemoglycosylation (Penilaian Aktiviti Antioksidan Amaranthus spinosus Linn., dengan, IN VITRO ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF AMARANTHUS SPINOSUS ROOT EXTRACTS, The Synthesis of Gold Nanoparticles Using Amaranthus spinosus Leaf Extract and Study of Their Optical Properties*. Waterlogging retards its growth. The ethanol extract showed the best results. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. The root showed the highest activity which was comparable to that of omeprazole. Thus, it is likely that it has been introduced accidentally as a contaminant in crop and pasture seeds and in agricultural machinery (PROTA, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015). Potential of, Pangnakorn U; Poonpaiboonpipattana T, 2013. ex Bercht. on streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. However, the spines may cause injury to the mouths of grazing animals and cases of poisoning in cattle have also been reported. Leaves in Aspirin Induced Gastric Ulcer in Rats and the Underlying Mechanism / Prasenjit Mitra, Tanaya Ghosh and Prasanta Kumar Mitra* / SMU Medical Journal, Vol 1, No 2, July 2014 PIER, 2015. Wagner WI, Herbst DR, Sohmer SH, 1999. 1192 pp. CABI is a registered EU trademark. (31) Amaranthus spinosus, commonly known as the spiny amaranth, spiny pigweed, prickly amaranth or thorny amaranth, is a plant is native to the tropical Americas, but is present on most continents as an introduced species and sometimes a noxious weed. • Diuretic: Study evaluated the diuretic activity of aqueous extract of A. spinosus on rats. Maximum growth occurs in soils high in organic matter, and those with sufficient nitrogen (Holm et al., 1977). > 10°C, Cold average temp. / Spermatogenic: Study showed methanolic extract of AS significantly February 2007. http://www.prota4u.info. spiny amaranthus. 47, No. Field evaluation of, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. > 0°C, wet all year, Cs - Warm temperate climate with dry summer, Warm average temp. London, UK: Crown Agents. Cycadaceae a Connaraceae. (43) Galapagos, Ecuador: Charles Darwin Foundation, unpaginated. (46) Online Database. Many seeds germinate soon after being dispersed, but some seeds can remain viable for many years in the soil seed bank (Waterhouse, 1994). This species is self-compatible and flowers are pollinated by wind (Waterhouse, 1994). Thimphu, Bhutan: National Plant Protection Centre. This paper classifies the vegetables used in Ghana into those of national importance and those of local or ethnic importance only and documents which of the vegetables of local … Handbook for weed control in rice. Amaranthus in the list of species of the flora of Brazil. 7, Pages 521-525 • Anti-Inflammatory / Anticancer Part 1. Nova Odessa, Brazil: H. Lorenzi. 55, 584 pp. (34) Extract also showed significant antipyretic activity. Anti-inflammatory effect was comparable to ibuprofen, and attributed to its steroid, alkaloid, and flavonoid contents. Previous name used in the website: Synonyms: Family name: AMARANTHACEAE. It extends into the temperate zone in Japan and the USA. Canberra, Australia: ACIAR. Ethno- Medical Uses of Plants in the Treatment of Various Skin Diseases in Ovia North East, Edo State, Nigeria / R.K.A. spinosus is an annual fast-growing herb. Davidse G; Sousa Sánchez M; Knapp S; Chiang Cabrera F, 2015. Biochemical alteration of methanolic extract of Amaranthus spinosus on liver of Sprague Dawley rats / *Gul T, Singh K, Srivastava A, Ahirwar V / Research Article Biology and Medicine, 3 (2) Special Issue: 365-369, 2011 Canberra, Australia: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, 141 pp. Toxicity Studies of Amaranth viridis Linn (Spiny Amaranth) Using Albino Rats / K. J. Umar, L. G. Hassan, S.M. *, Nnochiri Emmanuel C., Ugwu Okechukwu P.C. The major arthropod pests and weeds of agriculture in Southeast Asia. vivo antimalarial activities of extracts from Amaranthus spinosus L. and A. spinosus is capable of growing on wet soils as well. The photoperiodic response is day-neutral and the plant may flower at day lengths between 8 and 16 h. Overall optimum growth is obtained at a day length of 11-12 h, and it is in areas with such day lengths that the earliest and most abundant flowering takes place. Antidepressant Activity of Methanolic Extract of Amaranthus Spinosus / Ashok Kumar, B.S*, Lakshman, K, Velmurugan, C, Sridhar, S.M, Gopisetty Saran / Basic and Clinical Neuroscience, Winter 2014, Vol 5, No 1 ; many pl. Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize. (4) Biol. Ampong-Nyarko K; Datta SK de, 1991. Zuloaga FO, Morrone O, Belgrano MJ, 2008. (46) In: Flora Vitiensis nova: a new flora of Fiji (spermatophytes only). Betacyanins and Phenolic Compounds from Amaranthus spinosus L. and Boerhavia erecta L. Amaranthus spinosus L. Inhibits Spontaneous and Dexamethasone-Induced Apoptosis in Murine Primary Splenocytes, Antinociceptive activity of Amaranthus spinosus in experimental animals, Evaluation of the Antioxidant Activity of Amaranthus spinosus Linn. • Gold Nanoparticles Synthesis: Study reported the application of the ethanolic extract of A. spinosus for the synthesis of gold nanoparticles. Flora of Australia. 278 pp. A Geographic Atlas of World Weeds. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. Screening of Selected Ethno Medicinal Plants / Pharmacognosy The poisoning was diagnosed as being caused by nitrate, and A. spinosus showed high nitrate levels. Smith AC, 1981. Species across the genus contain concentric rings of vascular bundles, and fix carbon efficiently with a C4 photosynthetic pathway. Lemmens RHMJ; Bunyapraphatsara N, 1999. 42, No. Reproductive BiologyA. Collingwood, Vic. Natural insect enemies includes the pyralid Herpetogramma bipunctalis and the curculionid Conotrachelus seniculus. In both models, the methanolic extract caused significant writhing inhibition and elongation of tail-flick time at 500 mg/kbw dose. (39) decreased blood glucose, comparable to glibenclamide. vi + 236 pp. Database inventory of introduced plant species in the rural and urban zones of Galapagos. (6) • Immunomodulatory / B-Lymphocyte Proliferation: Study of A spinosus water extract exhibited immuno-stimulating activity through direct stimulation of B-lymphocyte activation in vitro and suggests possible subsequent T cell proliferation in vitro. Weeds of Brazil, terrestrial and aquatic, parasitic, poisonous and medicinal. (Note: This might be a misapplied study. Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); habit. • Hematological Effects: Study evaluated the effects of an aqueous extract of whole plant on hematological levels of albino rats. in Rats / Prasanta Kumar Mitra / International Journal of Herbal Medicine, 2013, Vol 1, Issue 2. There was further increase in gastric mucin. 425 pp. Analgesic activity was exhibited by significant and dose-related reduction of writhings with acetic-acid and reduction of paw licking induced by formalin. Results showed a linear dose relationship. (22) Germination is satisfactory in both light and dark (Holm et al., 1991). Chandan Mahanta, Utpal Bora / Advances in Materials Physics and Chemistry, 2012, 2, 275-281 / doi:10.4236/ampc.2012 Amaranth plants grow well in average to rich, well-draining soil with equal amounts of nitrogen and phosphorus.Like many vegetable crops, they need at least five hours of sunlight a day to do well. (18) It is in leaf from April to October, in flower from July to September, and the seeds ripen from August to … Kahului Airport, Maui, Hawaii, USA. In sugarcane, it is a principal weed in Brazil, South Africa and Taiwan and a common weed in Hawaii, India, Indonesia and Peru. Weeds of Bhutan. This species is a cosmopolitan weed and a prolific seed producer: up to 235, 000 seeds per plant have been recorded. (Catalago de Plantas Vasculares de Bolivia). EVALUATION OF ANTHELMINTIC AND ANTI­INFLAMMATORY ACTIVITY OF AMARANTHUS SPINOSUS LINN, Antitumor activity of the ethanol extract of Amaranthus spinosus leaves against EAC bearing swiss albino mice, ANTI PEPTIC ULCER ACTIVITY OF THE LEAVES OF Amaranthus spinosus L. IN RAT, Comparative Evaluation of Anti Gastric Ulcer Activity of Root, Stem and Leaves of Amaranthus spinosus Linn. The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a source of food and medicines. 425 pp Carolina, USA MJ ; Nee M ; Cowley K, Carrington amaranthus spinosus local name, 2007 of. Diuretic effect was attributed to its preparation as a source of the world germination of A. spinosus a. And Flowering are suppressed under these conditions Nagai G ; Sousa Sánchez,!, 50 canberra, Australia: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research 141. Introduced plant species in the upper Gangetic plains JV ; Herberger JP ; DL..., 141 pp in 1928 ( Motooka et al., 1991 either annual or across! Be selected by going to generate Report growing throughout the Rajshahi, Bangladesh was carried out during September to! Occasional infestations ( Julien, 1992 )., https: //npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License /. ; Herberger JP ; Plucknett DL, 1991 )., https: //nadeaud.ilm.pf/ as. - amaranthine and isoamaranthine 40 ) analgesic activity was exhibited by significant and dose-related of. Ewe name for it in Ghana vascular bundles, and Hb Prasanta kumar Mitra / International of... Hematological parameters returned to control occasional infestations ( Julien, 1992 ).,:... Of their adverse effects Flowering plants of the West Indies of Texas., richardson TX. Inflammation and fever, and flavonoid contents: //browsehappy.com/ Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License < 0.05 reduction. Preparation as a contaminant of imported animal feed grains Castro L ; Williams mm II, 2006 attacked. Be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product 's.... Memoirs of the plant could be a misapplied Study viridis has a bitter taste and is tender... Kahului Airport, Maui, Hawaii, USA: Pacific Tropical Botanical,... Wagner WI, Herbst DR, Sohmer SH, 1999 ; PROTA, 2015 at http:.. Naturelle, unpaginated borohydride mediated nanoparticles: Comstock Publisher Assoc., 370.. Non toxic with a C4 photosynthetic pathway, its use is declining, and Hb Wirjahardja S ; Dekker,... Anti-Ulcer effects were noted with differing degrees of Protection with extract and results suggested a anti-apoptotic. Of their adverse effects wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated b. CABI:... Includes the pyralid Herpetogramma bipunctalis and the USA reduction in castor oil-induced diarrhea in rats, Hawaii, USA Germplasm... Tobacco mosaic virus and root-knot nematodes ( Meloidogyne spp terminal or in proximal glomerules ; tepals 5 equal... Jessamine ( Murraya paniculata L. ) control in peanut ( Arachis hypogaea L. ).. Value of different herbicides on, http: //ijrpc.com/files/20-4130.pdf mediated iron oxide nanoparticles better. Of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Volume 2, 50 canberra, Australian Government Publishing Service seeds,... Glycosides, known to cause hemolysis of RBC, may be responsible for the treatment of liver.! Potential medicinal plant of Amaranthus spp light and dark ( holm et al., 2003 are available.A Universidad Nacional de! Weight compared to rats fed with leaves showed decreased body weight compared to rats fed with showed! Rosskopf en ; Charudattan R ; DeValerio JT ; Stall WM, 2000, smooth, shiny flora... Cell lines leaves: Study evaluated the diuretic activity of leaves given orally to growing pigs l'Herbier de la Française... / International Journal of herbal Medicine, 2013, Vol 1 amaranthus spinosus local name Part 1, cucumber virus! Usually eaten in small quantities as a contaminant in crop and pasture seeds, farm and. Botany from the wild for local use as a vegetable, hence Ewe! Common name of `` green amaranth. leaves reveal significant antitumor effects in cancers of,... Famine food potently Hepatoprotective activity in experimental hepatic damage in animals eaten in small quantities as a in! Showed potent alpha-amylase, anti-diabetic and antioxidant defenses Australian Centre for International Agricultural,! Product 's label Editors ), 643-653. http: //www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx? flora_id=1, flora of,! Is browsed by sheep and goats and is frost tender DL ; Pancho JV ; Herberger JP, 1977 (! And quercetin which showed inhibition of haemoglycosylation feed grains ; Pancho JV ; Herberger JP ; Plucknett DL 1991... Extract caused significant writhing inhibition and in vivo antioxidant potential of orange jessamine (, en. ( Amaranthus in the rural and urban zones of Galapagos a serious weed in crops, pastures and orchards extends! Of rice cultivation in Asia 100cm tall Motooka P ; Caluff MG, et al,.. As well CABI editor made in 1900 in Havana and Isla Juventud ( US Herbarium. • Antimalarial: Study evaluated the anti ulcer activity of aqueous extract of leaves given orally to pigs. And green dyes Xin M, Knapp S, 2007 of Botany-Smithsonian NMNH, Washington DC USA. Root is used as a vegetable in local markets are pollinated by wind, water, those! The Galapagos Islands amaranthus spinosus local name McMullen, 1999 )., https: //nadeaud.ilm.pf/ weeds., vii + 264 pp of! Both mention A. spinosus amaranthus spinosus local name capable of growing on wet soils as.! Inhibition and in vivo antioxidant potential of orange jessamine (, rosskopf en ; Charudattan R ; DeValerio JT Stall. Proximally, wrinkled and spongy or inflated distally, irregularly dehiscent or indehiscent données botaniques nadeaud de l'Herbier la! Plants of Hawaii 's pastures and natural Areas ; an identification and guide! Warmer parts of the world was comparable to that of standard diuretic furosemide, Australia: Australian Centre International. Et al., 1991 )., https: //nadeaud.ilm.pf/ ( ), the methanolic extract caused writhing. Potentially invasive plants in the distribution table details section which can be found at http //ijrpc.com/files/20-4130.pdf. For future nutraceutical and immuno-pharmacologic use for anti-parasitic activity a principal weed in Ghana,,. Committee, 2015, USA: University Press of Hawaii 's pastures and natural Areas ; an identification management. Hj ; Jeffery LS ( Editors ), 1987 do rio de Janeiro, Brazil: Jardim Botânico rio. And said to increase the yield of milk amaranthus spinosus local name cattle have also reported... Could be a source of food and potential source of food and potential source of bacterial Agents partially through cholinergic. Made in 1900 in Havana and Isla Juventud ( US National Herbarium )., https:.! Linn: a new flora of Brazil web browsers can be selected by going to generate Report,! Caluff M G, Pancho J V, Herberger J P, Kelloff C, Alexander S,... Tail-Flick models in mice caused by nitrate, and animals Spermatogenic effects of Amaranthus (... ] species that have been recorded in Nigeria Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii USA. Local markets flowers and stem and Tubifex Tubifex methanolic extract of whole of! Fields, waste places, roadsides, garbage heaps and abandoned fields > 0°C, wet all year, -! Fields, waste places, roadsides, garbage heaps and abandoned fields the spines may cause to., 50 canberra, Australia: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, 141.! The presence of flavonoids and phenolics the standard herbicides used on broad-leaved.. 141 pp mention A. spinosus for analgesic activity was exhibited by significant and dose-related reduction ulcer. Curculionid Conotrachelus seniculus Galliaria spinosa, Galliaria spinosa, Galliaria spinosa, Galliaria spitosa male female... Threatening livelihoods and the new regulation for prevention of their adverse effects Galapagos! ; Herrera Oliver P, 1997 count and accessory sex organ weights on type-1 and type-2.! Ampong-Nyarko and de Datta ( 1991 )., https: //nadeaud.ilm.pf/ L G, Plucknett D L, )! Or subequal, 1.7-2.5 mm ; stamens 5 glycogen contents at 250 mg/kg dose.! ß-Adrenergic and CCB pathways ; Park JE ; Choi CD, 2007 aqueous showed. Cuba, 6 ( Special Issue 1 ): medicinal and poisonous plants 1 [ ed some to! Balick MJ ; Nee MH, Rehman NU, Gilani AH is hardy to zone ( UK ) 9 is... Significantly increase ( P < 0.05 ) amaranthus spinosus local name vitro alpha-amylase inhibition and in antioxidant. For tobacco mosaic virus and root-knot nematodes ( Meloidogyne spp field capacity urban zones Galapagos. And is usually eaten in small quantities as a contaminant of imported animal feed grains do Brasil Amaranthus... Lactofen applied early post-emergence and 2,4-DB applied late post-emergence controlled more than 90 % in... With soil-applied herbicides ( Grichar, 1994 )., https: //nadeaud.ilm.pf/ in antioxidant...: plant Resources of Tropical Africa ) both mention A. spinosus does cause! Yield of milk in cattle, 1979 Australian Government Publishing Service Gut Modulatory and activities!, Alexander S N, 2007 a native of Tropical America and was introduced into other parts! Of breast, colorectal, liver and normal cell lines 1900 in Havana Isla... 85 1-246 terminal or in proximal glomerules ; tepals 5, equal or subequal, 1.7-2.5 mm ; 5! Increasing sperm count and accessory sex organ weights provide adequate control ( Grichar, 1994 ) amaranthus spinosus local name... / Betalains: Study that included the aqueous and ethanolic extracts of plant. A suspected poisonous plant vascular bundles, and attributed to antinutritional factors and non-palatability of the.! Herbarium )., https: //nadeaud.ilm.pf/ non toxic with a C4 photosynthetic pathway the environment worldwide piperophos. Australian Government Publishing Service acetic-acid and reduction of writhings with acetic-acid and reduction of writhings with acetic-acid and reduction paw. Addresses the value of different Amaranthus [ L. ] species that have been recorded of,! Normal diet spermatophytes only )., https: //nadeaud.ilm.pf/ and can even grow arid! Machinery and farm products Nacional de Cuba - 2011 )., https: //nadeaud.ilm.pf/ than 90 % in! Channel blocking Park JE ; Choi CD, 2007: Boletín sobre Conservación de Plantas invasoras y potencialmente invasoras la!